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Topic: Sports Medicine



Mixed Martial Arts Fighters May Go to Dangerous Lengths to Shed Pounds
British study shows saunas, sweat suits, pills all used to trigger drastic weight loss before fights



For a Better Calorie Burn, Adjust Your Speed While Walking
Stopping and starting, varying your velocity all adds to energy expended, study finds



'Tennis Elbow' Usually Heals Without Therapy, Study Finds
For most people, pain is gone within a year



Expert Tips for Preventing Kids' Sports Injuries
Children need breaks from playing to avoid overuse injuries, orthopedic surgeon says



Catcher Injuries Aren't Usually the Result of Collisions
Foul balls, stray bats cause more harm than run-ins with players, study shows



Sports Medicine Docs Offer Safety Tips for Young Athletes
Children should ease back into activity, wear properly fitted safety gear and stay hydrated



Preteen Football Tied to Brain Changes in Retired NFL Players: Study
Repeated blows to the head in youth may cause structural disruptions, researcher says



College Football Players Score More Injuries at Exam Time
Added stress contributes to risks, researcher says



Excessive Sports Training Hurts Kids, Expert Warns
Parents should set limits to help prevent injuries



Gender Doesn't Influence Hamstring Strain Recovery Time
Study finds male, female college soccer players get better in about a week



Protective Eyewear in Girls' Field Hockey Means Fewer Injuries
Eye-related injuries dropped, and rate of concussions didn't rise after requirement, study says



More Teen Athletes Undergoing Tommy John Elbow Surgery: Study
Year-round focus on one sport likely behind the increase, doctors say



Banning Soccer 'Headers' Won't Solve Concussion Problem: Study
Enforcing rules that limit aggressive body contact would be more effective, researcher says



Endurance Athletes Should Only Drink When Thirsty, Experts Say
Consuming excess fluids can lead to dangerous drop in sodium levels



Overuse Injuries More Common in High School Females
Track, field hockey and lacrosse linked to repetitive use problems in girls, study says



School Coaches Often Ill-Equipped to Spot, Manage Concussions
Better education recommended, especially at youth and middle school levels



Keep Safety in Mind When Skateboarding
Experts offer tips on how to protect yourself from injury when catching 'air'



Safety Tips for Water Skiing and Wake Boarding
Thousands injured every year, experts say



Extreme Exercising Can Lead to Blood Poisoning, Study Reveals
Expert says gradual training can help prevent problems



High School Football Players May Be at Doubled Risk of Migraine
Head injuries likely play a role in these headaches, second study suggests



Rugby Player's Head Injuries Linked to Brain Decline
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy was diagnosed after his death at age 57



When to Ice, When to Heat
Sports medicine experts lay out guidelines for injuries, sore muscles



Many Young Football Players Get Concussions at Practice, Study Says
Limiting player-to-player contact may reduce risk of head trauma, experts say



Orthopedist Offers Tips for Preventing Shoulder Injuries
Strengthening, stretching exercises help maintain stability



Muscle Strength Helps Baseball Pitchers Avoid Injury
Researchers use computer simulation to show what contributes to elbow problems



Ease Back Into Springtime Sports, Doctor Cautions
Sports medicine specialist offers tips to help keep teens and adults moving



Limiting Innings Pitched Doesn't Prevent Injuries: Study
Gradually increasing player's workload won't help either, researcher says



Fit at 50? Cardiac Arrest During Exercise Unlikely, Study Finds
Only 5 percent of attacks occurred during activities such as jogging or bicycling



Year-Round Baseball Leads to More Youth Injuries, Study Says
Elbow ligament tears more common in South than North



Faster, Taller Youth League Pitchers May Face Greater Risk of Injury
Playing on multiple teams can also harm young arms, study suggests



Young People At Risk of Second Injury After Knee Surgery
Study finds repeat problems common after early ACL repair



Stiff Shoulder No Reason to Delay Rotator Cuff Surgery: Study
Adding special procedure during operation loosened joint, reduced risk of re-tears



Young Pitchers Often Pressured to Play Despite Pain, Study Says
Majority of parents are unaware of safe throwing guidelines, researchers find



Second 'Tommy John' Surgery Is No Win for Pitchers
Only two-thirds return to major league play, and performance drops, study finds



Athletes Need to Guard Against Skin Woes
From blisters to burns, what to watch out for



For Safety's Sake: A Young Star Player Quits Pro Football...
... As many re-examine the health risks posed by America's favorite sport



Parents' Attitude May Be Key to Pre-Game Jitters in Kids
Anxieties over performance transmit easily from parent to child, study suggests



Exercise May Boost Size of Some Brain Regions
But it's not clear if these changes make a difference in aging, researcher says



Helping Student-Athletes With Mental Health Issues
Guidelines issued for U.S. high schools



Tracking Brain Blood Flow May Help Predict Concussion Outcomes
In study, scans show reduced circulation in brains of football players who had not recovered from the injury



Any Exercise Is Good, But Higher-Intensity May Be Better
Brisk walking drops blood sugar more than a slower walk, study finds



Tips for Safe Snow Fun
Winter sports account for more than 343,000 injuries in U.S. a year, experts say



Safety Add-Ons for Football Helmets May Not Cut Concussion Risk
Crash dummy testing found extra padding, strips and treatments didn't make much difference on impact



More Evidence That Boxing Can Lead to Brain Damage
Repeated blows to head tied to changes seen on MRIs, lower test scores, study finds



Eye Tracking May Help to Spot Concussions Quickly
Simple technique offers possible way to assess brain injury severity, study says



Early Birds May Catch the Worm, but Night Owls May Snatch the Win
Athletes who are late risers perform better in the evening, study suggests



Looking to Boost Your Exercise Level? Here Are Some Helpful Tips
Start slowly and allow for time to rest and recover, trainers recommend



Middle School Football Doesn't Seem to Cause Short-Term Brain Damage: Study
Small review found hits to head occurred less often than for older players; one doctor has some concerns



Knee Arthritis Drugs Beat Placebos, but Study Finds No Clear Winner
Injections were rated slightly more effective at fighting pain than pills



Dealing With Cold Weather Injuries
Safety precautions can prevent serious problems during winter activities



Concussion Laws Helping Student-Athletes, Study Finds
Researchers believe raising public awareness made a big difference, too



Some NFL Players Use Unproven Stem Cell Therapies: Report
New treatments may not work, or may have unknown risks, expert says



High School Football Tied to Brain Changes, Even Without Concussion
Small study suggests that blows to the head in a typical season might alter brain



Don't Let High Altitude Ruin Your Holiday Trip
Stay hydrated and give yourself time to acclimate, expert advises



Parents Need to Take Lead on Teen Concussion Prevention
Expert advises protective gear, and baseline concussion testing for athletes



Running Won't Raise Risk of Knee Arthritis, Study Says
In fact, it suggests running may even help prevent painful joint condition



Three-Quarters of Young Baseball Players Have Arm Pain
But study found many kids are encouraged to stay on the field in spite of their injuries



High School Football Players Aren't Well-Educated About Concussion
Young athletes may not understand possible consequences, study shows



Athletic Trainers' Group Advises Heart Tests for Young Athletes
Identifying problems may prevent sudden cardiac arrest, new guidelines suggest



Repetitive Pitching May Cause Teens Serious Shoulder Problems
Playing ball year-round is ill-advised, experts say



Coaches Don't Always Protect Young Pitchers' Arms: Study
Many know about pitch counts, but don't keep close track, researchers report



Aerobic Exercise May Boost Quality of Life for Dialysis Patients
Regular activity linked to reduced risk of earlier death, improved mood, study suggests



Avoid the Fall Sports Injury Trap
Most common injuries come from overuse, experts say



ACL Tear Won't Keep Most College Athletes From Returning to Play: Study
Recovery actually seems better for college-age players vs. younger peers, researchers say



Drinking Alcohol More Common on Exercise Days
Study authors say it's not clear why physical activity and alcohol appear linked



Adults Over 45 Not Meeting U.S. Muscle Strengthening Guidelines, Study Says
Less than one-quarter follow recommendations



Blood Pressure Seems to Stay Lower Longer in Fitter Men
Study suggests heart-healthy exercise may keep blood vessels more flexible



Why Polyester Fails the B.O. Test After Exercise
Odor-causing bacteria grow better on synthetics than cotton clothing, study says



Water: Too Much of a Good Thing Can Be Deadly for Athletes
Drinking way more fluid than your body needs is dangerous, expert says



Sit Less, Protect Your DNA and Live Longer?
Finding may help explain why sitting a lot has been linked to poor health



What Parents Need to Know About Sports Participation
Carefully assess the school's athletic program, expert advises



Education Linked to Activity Levels During the Week
College grads exercise more on Saturday, Sunday, while high school dropouts more active on weekdays, study finds



For Heart Attack Survivors, More Exercise Isn't Always Better, Study Says
Excessive walking, running may lose protective effect



Front-of-Head Hits Blamed for Nearly Half of Young Football Player Concussions
High school injury reports support safer tackling efforts



Sports, Hot Weather Can Be Dangerous Combo
It's crucial to spot the early symptoms of heat-related illness, expert says



Teen 'Growing Pains' May Persist For Years
Left untreated, knee discomfort can become chronic, researchers caution



Running Could Add 3 Years to Your Lifespan
Just 5 to 10 minutes a day seems to bring benefits, study says



Heat Stroke a Greater Threat to Endurance Runners Than Heart Problems: Study
More education needed about how to prevent it, researchers say



Human Brain Has Coping Mechanism for Dehydration
The mind preserves oxygen to protect itself from the effects of too little fluid, research shows



Dangerous Use of Growth Hormone Surges Among U.S. Teens
Many young people are ordering dubious, hazardous products off of the Internet, researchers warn



'Little League Shoulder' on the Rise
Rest, possibly combined with physical therapy, key to recovery, research suggests



Delaying Kid's Knee Surgery Could Be a Bad Play, Study Finds
Secondary injuries more common among children who postpone ligament repair, research shows



Young Pro Pitchers May Face Higher Risk of 'Tommy John' Surgery: Study
Most players who needed the ligament procedure had it within first 5 years of professional ball



Doctors Need to Protect Athletes From Concussion Risk: Neurologists
They should educate, clear players to return to field only when ready, statement says



Prepare for Summer Sports to Avoid Injury
Wear appropriate footwear, vary your activities, and stretch and warm-up, advises expert



Injection Treatment No Help for Hamstring Injuries, Study Says
One expert questions the findings, and believes plasma-rich injections can help athletes and others



Former NFL Players May Be Plagued With Chronic Headaches
Study finds ex-NFL members average 19 days of headaches a month; past concussions a likely cause, expert says



Knee Replacement Surgeries Rising With Obesity Rates
Total knee replacements more than tripled between 1993 and 2009, study shows



Broken Bones, Concussions Most Common Injuries in Youth Hockey
Fractures more common in boys, while concussions more common in girls, study finds



Hips Pivotal in Avoiding Elbow Injuries While Pitching
Limited hip motion might put elbows at risk, study finds



Concussion Rates Double Among High School Athletes: Report
Experts say rise likely reflects increased awareness, more legislation about concussions



Add Heart Test to High School Athletes' Screening, Cardiologists Say
Electrocardiogram might help identify teens at risk of sudden death



Training Programs Protect Young Athletes From ACL Tears: Report
Knee ligament injuries are rising among kids in sports, especially girls, experts say



Athletic Trainers First Line of Treatment for Young Basketballers: Study
Many high school athletes assessed for sprains, strains outside the hospital



Off Season May Not Be Long Enough to Recover From Football 'Hits'
Study found some players still showed brain changes 6 months after season had ended



Getting in Front of Back Pain
Strong core muscles, good posture can help, expert says



Specializing in One Sport as Child No Guarantee of Future Success
And limiting focus can result in more harm than good, researchers say



Girls Suffer Worse Concussions, Study Suggests
Researchers found they had more severe symptoms, longer recovery times than boys



More High School Athletes Complying With Concussion Guidelines, Study Finds
Awareness of precautions growing but improvement still needed, experts say



Just One Season of Hits in High School Football May Alter Brain: Study
Players did not have concussions, still showed changes in white matter



Kids' Concussions Defined by Where They Live, Study Finds
Sports fell more city children; motorized vehicles a danger in the country



Basketball's Fitness Benefits a Sure Bet
Shooting hoops beats watching 'March Madness' when it comes to your health, expert says



Knee Surgery May Put Kids at Higher Risk for Future Arthritis
Small study followed up on young people who underwent procedure to repair torn ligament



Knee Ligament Tears Don't Permanently Sideline Most College Football Players
Study of NCAA Division I athletes found majority returned to playing field



'Extreme Sports' Linked to 40,000 Head and Neck Injuries Per Year
Study finds skateboarding, snowboarding lead the pack in number of trauma cases



'Tommy John' Surgery Gets Major League Pitchers Back on the Mound
Study found most players returned to pro baseball, sometimes with better results



Quick Vision Test May Help Spot Concussions on Sidelines
Combined with two other simple screenings, all cases of head injury were caught, researchers report



Can High Altitudes Protect Football Players From Concussions?
Study found NFLers were a third less likely to suffer head injuries during high-altitude games



Ready to Get in Shape? Ease Into Exercise, Experts Say
Check-ups, warm-ups and mixing up your routine are among the tips offered by athletic trainers



'Plays at the Plate' Riskiest for Pro Baseball Players
MLB considering rule to ban these collision-causing encounters at home plate



How to Prevent Winter Sports Injuries
Think twice before taking 'one last run,' orthopedist says



Shoulders Take a Pounding in High School Football
Wrestling was distant second in large study of interscholastic sports



Despite New Rules, Injuries Still Costly for NHL, Study Finds
Added safety measures appear necessary to protect hockey players' health



Batters Mostly Use Their Heads to Track Pitches, Study Finds
It's not yet known how vision strategies compare with hitting success



Ease Up on Workouts to Aid Flu Recovery, Expert Says
Intense exercise will stress the immune system even more



When Winter Fun Isn't So Fun
Sledding, skating, skiing and other cold weather activities all carry a potential risk of harm



NIH, NFL Team Up to Take On Concussion Research
The goal: Understanding long-term effects of head injuries and improving diagnosis



Higher Altitude May Lower Sports Concussion Risk, Study Suggests
Review of high school athletes found 30 percent reduced rates of injury at elevations of 600 feet and up



Evening East-West NFL Matchups Put One Team at Disadvantage: Study
Games played after 8 p.m. may favor biological clocks of Pacific time players



Sports for Teens Are Beneficial -- Up to a Point
Researchers found 14 hours a week were best, while high or low extremes lowered well-being scores



Could Elite Athletes Have Lower Risk for Diabetes?
Small study of Finnish men found protective effect, especially with endurance sports



Time of Month May Affect Women's Concussion Recovery
Small study found those injured during 2 weeks before menstrual period healed more slowly



New Ligament Discovered in Human Knee
Surgeons say their findings on 'anterolateral' ligament may advance treatment of athletic injuries



10K Races in U.S. Attract New Breed of Runners
Women outnumber men, and faster males are increasingly younger, study finds



Active Lifestyle Beneficial, Even Without Regular Exercise
Non-exercise physical activity linked to reduced risk of CVD events, mortality in older adults



Can Marathons Temporarily Hurt the Heart?
Small study found cardiac changes, but they were reversible and less likely with proper training



Young Athletes' Concussions Often Unreported: Report
Helmets provide no protection from these serious head injuries, experts say



Overuse Injuries May Rise When Kids Specialize in One Sport
Spending more time in free play reduces injury odds, study finds



Healthy Eating Can Help Marathoners Cross Finish Line
Dietitian offers last-minute training tips ahead of the New York Marathon



NFL Veterans Show 'Abnormalities' in Brain Activity: Study
Ex-players who had been sent off the field most for head injuries were especially affected, researchers said



No Change in Admissions for Pediatric Sports-Related TBI
Increase in number of ER visits for sports-related TBI from 2002 to 2011; no change in admissions



Many More Kids Visiting ER for Sports Concussions, Study Finds
Better awareness of traumatic brain injury may be reason, experts say



Concussion Symptoms May Not Differ in Teen, Young Adult Athletes
But study authors say recovery period might vary



College Football Players Seem to Grow Bigger and Stronger, But Not Faster
Study of NCAA athletes found speed, jumping power changed little over 4-year careers



Sports-Related Sudden Death Incidence Varies by Sex
Increased incidence in men; for men, incidence increases with age and varies with type of sport



Quarterback's Death, NFL Study Split Over Brain Disorder
Autopsy shows former Michigan college player had CTE; Loyola study finds no evidence that NFL players are at greater risk



Fitness Club Best Place for Cardiac Arrest Survival: Study
Availability of automated external defibrillator may be key.



Training in the Heat
Expert describes safe transition from air conditioning to sports conditioning



After Cervical Disc Surgery Pro Athletes Can Return to Sports
Athletes cleared for return-to-play after normal neurologic exam; confirmation of early fusion



Germs in the Gym
Basketballs, volleyballs can be magnets for bacteria, study finds



Consensus Statement Describes Role of Team Physicians
Team docs expected to be involved in medical and administrative aspects of team care



American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, July 11-14, 2013



Concussion Prevention: Pass on Pricey Football Helmets, Study Suggests
Rule changes are what's needed to protect young athletes, expert says



Sleep Affects Concussion-Testing Results, Study Finds
Athletes with the least shuteye had lower baseline scores



After ACL Surgery, Another Knee Injury Likely, Study Suggests
Athletes who return to sports should take precautions, researcher advises



Baseballs, Softballs Often to Blame for Kids' Facial Fractures
Errant catches can lead to serious trauma, study found



As Cheerleading Evolves, Injuries Mount
Experts say it's a competitive sport whose athletes need better protection



Thank Ancient Humans for That Fastball
Home sapiens' throwing ability excels because ancestors needed it for the hunt, scientists say



Teen Drinkers, Pot Smokers at Raised Risk of Concussion, Study Says
Risk is 3 to 5 times higher for substance users, researchers find



ADHD May Be Tied to Longer-Lasting Head Injury, Study Says
Author says contact sports should be avoided; another expert disagrees



Kids' Pitching Injuries Rising; Study Blames Overuse
Parents, kids not adhering to throwing limits, researchers find



Grueling X-Country Ski Race May Affect Heart Rhythm
Arrhythmia more common among frequent racers, study finds



Kids With Past Concussions Take Longer to Recover
Study has implications for how long children should wait to resume activities, experts say



Football Concussion Risk Highest During Games, Not Practice: Study
Young players may not be learning proper tackling techniques, one expert says



American College of Sports Medicine, May 28-June 1, 2013



More Time in Gym Class Equals Stronger Kids
And fracture risk doesn't rise when physical activity clock is extended, study finds



Scientists Explore Secrets of the Well-Hit Fastball
Human brain 'predicts' the path of objects hurtling toward it, researchers report



School Sports May Cut Rates of Violence, Bullying Among Teens
Study found less fighting among girls who were athletes and less bullying against boys on teams



High School Football Players Often Not Deterred by Head Injury
Knowing dangers of concussion not enough to keep many teens on sidelines, survey finds



Kids' Concussion Recovery Varies by Symptom Severity: Study
Identifying which factors lead to longer recoveries may improve treatment



Help Young Pitchers Avoid Overuse Injuries
Expert urges parents and coaches to make kids aware of how overdoing it can harm their health



Young Athletes Urged to Use Face-Protecting Gear
Mouth guards, helmets and face shields can save teeth and more, experts say



Breathing Problem Sometimes Misdiagnosed in Athletes
Study finds vocal cord disorder can be confused with asthma



Former College Athletes Don't Have Increased Depression Risk
Current sports athletes have a greater risk of unhappiness than former, graduated competitors



Want to Lose Weight? Then Run, Don't Walk: Study
Both helped shed pounds, but vigorous exercise produced better long-term results



Expert Pitches Safety Tips for Young Baseball Players
It's a great youth sport, but beware the possible injuries, doctor advises



College Sports Could Raise Players' Risk for Depression, Study Finds
Compared with former college athletes, those still in school had doubled odds, possibly due to stress, researchers say



Brisk Walking Equals Running for Heart Health: Study
Distance rather than speed reaps the benefits, researchers say



Complications More Common Than Thought for Type of Hip Surgery
Study looked at minimally invasive procedure to repair damage to inside of the joint



Fit Kids May Dodge Fractures in Old Age
Regular exercise linked to increases in peak bone mass, study says



Play It Smart When It Comes to Lightning
Sports trainers offer safety tips on ways to stay safe



Sports Concussion Management Recommendations Updated
Evidence indicates mouth guards, helmets may minimize injury, but not prevent serious trauma



AAOS: Youth Sport/Activity-Related Injuries Dip From 2000
Physician-perceived increases may be tied to several factors but not a jump in acute injuries



Fewer Kids Getting Hurt in Most Sports, Study Finds
However, football and soccer injuries have risen over past decade



Cervical Cord Contusions in Athletes Characterized
Return-to-play decisions should consider both history of symptoms and MRI results



Germs Fly in Roller-Derby Games, Study Finds
Skaters swap skin bacteria during bouts



Acute Physical Exercise Improves Executive Function
Chronic physical exercise has no significant effect for children, teens, young adults



Short-Term Exercise Might Boost Young People's Self-Control
Study findings, if confirmed, may have relevance for treating ADHD, autism